Smart Buildings

Module 3: Smart Buildings

Up to 80 percent of the energy demand in cities is caused by the construction and operation of buildings. There are no other areas in which savings in consumption and improvements in the environmental service branch are easier to achieve than in the
in the construction industry. It is therefore important that smart city managers have a detailed understanding of the physical interrelationships and can also offer innovative solutions in building design and operation.



Learning Unit 3.1 Smart Architecture Concepts

Architecture is more than just the appearance of building envelopes. The deep understanding of its rules and means makes it possible to create a harmonious and sustainable built environment that actively benefits from climate, urban context, timeless rules and new technologies.
Students learn to recognize the importance of architectural quality for successful buildings, to define functional requirements for different building types, to understand the relationship between architectural design and urban structure.
You will also learn to assess architectural concepts in terms of functionality, aesthetic quality, long-term usability, appropriateness and suitability for local climate and culture.

Learning Unit 3.2 Smart Energy Concepts

Too many buildings, especially in warmer regions, do without large amounts of energy (with inferior comfort conditions) simply because they lack knowledge of physical laws and existing conceptual and technical solutions. More investment in intellectual preparation can save a great deal of energy and conserve limited resources.
The students learn to define favourable living and working conditions that must be fulfilled by buildings as well as to understand connections and interdependencies between external climate and interior conditions, in particular
for orientation, thermal insulation and the degree of windowing.
You will learn the analysis of climate data and characterisation of specific climate conditions and evaluation of energy concepts with regard to suitability for the local climate, the achievable comfort and energy demand.
to recognize opportunities and limits of passive climate concepts.

Learning Unit 3.3 Smart Engineering & Technologies

More effective construction solutions require more integration of design and technical components. Innovative intelligent technologies help to reduce consumption and costs while increasing the comfort of buildings.
Students learn to discuss building services engineering concepts with architects and HVAC consultants on a professional level, to understand the functional principles of modern and innovative building services engineering, to assign suitable building services engineering components to different building types and to evaluate technical concepts with regard to thermal comfort and energy requirements.
Also to understand the relationship between energy production, storage and demand and to identify opportunities to exploit synergies by coordinating the building subsystems and to understand the role of individual buildings or building complexes as components of the public network.

Learning Unit 3.4 Planning & Building Processes

BIM technologies and procedures are supporting the integrative design process and globally acknowledged certification help to make efficiency measurable. Students learn to understand the life cycle of buildings as a whole (design, construction, useful life, dismantling) Assessing the opportunities and limitations of building information modeling in the different phases of a building's life. In addition, they learn to distinguish between various current international certification systems and their specifications and to evaluate the sustainability of buildings according to ecological, economic and socio-cultural criteria. Students can then Use certification criteria as a guideline for planning decisions in your own professional life.