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Compact courtyard housing for sustainable urban areas - Typology and redesign of courtyard houses with low-energy or plus-energy standard <<

Akronym Kompakte Hofhäuser, Phase 2
Funding Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
Supporting Organisation Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)
HFT project director Prof. Dr.-Ing. Jan Cremers
Project Staff Dr.-Ing. Architekt Peter Bonfig, M.Sc. David Offtermatt
Duration 01.01.2020 - 31.12.2021
Project description Also in the second phase, the research project focuses on the redesign of the courtyard house type for sustainable urban areas with high density. Despite a tradition of thousands of years with a huge diversity in many regions of the world, the building type has not attracted adequate attention and development in the last decades compared to 'extroverted' building types. With regard to sustainable urban solutions it is not sufficient to improve the technical performance of existing building typologies. In addition, we have to invent new building types connected to specific urban patterns and solutions. Using up-to-date technology the intended project shall lead to principle solutions of so-called "Compact Courtyard Houses" which stand for high privacy, high density and the very efficient use of resources such as material, energy and land use. The concept can provide affordable and individual housing on very small plots with high spacial qualities and personal secluded indoor and outdoor areas, not only for families but also for other house sharing concepts. In regard to many aspects such as natural ventilation, use of daylight, fire security, construction issues, utilisation of renewable sources, demands for suitable building codes etc. the 'compact' courtyard house requires different and innovative solutions. To achieve the goal, interdisciplinary and systematic research is needed to develop and to optimise the new building type.
Keywords Architectural Typology, Compact Courtyard Housing, Clima-Engineering, Density